Main Pros and Cons of Homework in High School

High school is like a full-time job, except many students have to do homework, which extends the workday. That is why there is a stormy debate about whether assignments should be given. The results of research about the advantages/disadvantages are mixed. However, they do favor the con side, which is good news for most students who proclaim that they have too much intolerable homework. However, both pro and con assertions have merit.


  • Homework improves students academically. It reinforces the lessons covered in class and increases students’ ability to perform well on in-class and standardized tests.
  • Students who did not have time to grasp the course material during class will have extra time to catch up when doing homework.
  • Homework helps parents become aware of what their children are studying, whether they are learning the lessons, and whether they are having problems that need attention.
  • It helps students develop life skills, such as being responsible, managing time, solving problems, making decisions, working independently, and having self-discipline.
  • It offers an alternative to spending long hours engaging in activities that can distract students, such as listening to music, texting and calling friends, playing video games, watching TV, surfing the Internet, and conversing on social media.


  • It does not help students improve academically, and develop life skill
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  • It is a burden, causes stress, and decreases students’ interest in learning.
  • It interferes with the time students can spend with their families and engage in household tasks.
  • Students may seek help from their parents, or other sources, and become dependent on them to do the assignments for them.
  • It prevents students from engaging in extracurricular activities that will help them relax, pursue hobbies, and be physically active.

Indeed, research is inconclusive, but indicates that there is little evidence that shows homework increases students’ academic abilities and life skills. There is a middle opinion about the issue. Both sides concede it is reasonable that doing assignments may help prepare students to work independently and manage time wisely. These skills will be particularly beneficial for those students who go to college or obtain full-time jobs after high school. The consensus of students, parents, and teachers is that school administrators should consider both sides when determining whether homework should be given, and if so, how much. In addition, teachers should use their judgment to determine whether to give assignments, based on the individual needs of each student.

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